Indiana Coalition Against Domestic Violence
2012 Session of the Indiana General Assembly
Final legislative report: March 13, 2012
The House and Senate adjourned sine die at about 1:30 a.m. on Saturday, March 10. The Indiana General Assembly has now completed its regular legislative work for 2012, and many bills are now pending for approval or veto by the Governor. Below are narratives describing the almost-final status of legislation relating to issues of domestic violence.
SB 4. Human trafficking. Legislation to expand definition of human trafficking that was fast-tracked through the General Assembly and signed by the Governor before Super Bowl came to town.
SB 1. Self-defense. Legislation passed out of summer study creating the initial legislation defining when a homeowner is permitted to use self-defense against a law enforcement officer. The initial bill explicitly stated that an officer was justified in entering a home for investigation of suspected domestic or family violence. The Senate deleted this provision, stating that it was enough if an officer believed a person inside the dwelling has been or is at risk of physical harm. Advocates against domestic violence objected, and the legislation was completely re-worked in the House, triggering continued opposition by law enforcement and anti domestic violence advocates. The bill was tweaked again in conference committee, but not enough to overcome objections. Regardless, following protracted floor debates in both chambers, the legislation passed both sides, and is now pending final action by Governor Daniels.
SB 344/1072. Sec. 42 credits and other tax credits. Domestic violence programs, and many other nonprofits, raised concerns with the sunsetting of income tax credits in SB 344, including NAP credits. In the Senate, Sen. Hershman deleted sunset of the tax credits and inserted a 2-year study of this issue. For unrelated reasons, the House let SB 344 die. During conference committee, relevant portions of SB 344 were amended into HB 1027, including interim study of income tax credits. Neighborhood assistance credits may now be studied this summer.
HB 1049. Orders of protection and pro bono programs. The original legislation related solely to problem solving courts. However, in the Senate, on second reading, Sen. Steele inserted an amendment creating a victims of serious crime order of protection, which upon clear and convincing evidence of a conviction required the court to issue a permanent protective order. Concerns from domestic violence opponents and the Judicial Center were raised that this disrupted the uniformity of the statute needed to allow transportability and enforceability of orders of protection between states. Opponents then proposed a much more limited approach for the situation raised by Sen. Steele, and this was to modify the definition of family and household member to clearly state that a person adopting the child of an abuser could obtain an order of protection. In the final conference committee report, this modification was adopted, and the victims of serious crimes order of protection was deleted.
HB1252. Prerequisites for filing for dissolution of marriage. HB1010 Joint legal custody. Following concerns raised by opponents of domestic violence and others, neither of these bills were moved out of the House Committee.
SB0190. Study of terminating parenting rights. Legislators could not agree on which legal approach should be created for terminating parental rights of a rapist, so this issue was sent to summer study. Legislators could also then look at termination of parental rights relating to homicides resulting from domestic violence.
SB0389. Provider reporting of domestic violence. Following concerns raised by domestic violence opponents and hospitals, this bill was not heard. However ICADV has offered to work with Sen. Waltz concerning this issue during the interim.
I. Domestic violence
SB0004 Human trafficking. (Walker, Head, Banks, Steuerwald) Provides that recruiting, harboring, or transporting another person to participate in sexual conduct by force, threat of force, or fraud constitutes human trafficking. Provides that a person who recruits, harbors, or transports a child less than 16 years of age with the intent of engaging the child in forced labor, involuntary servitude, prostitution, or sexual conduct commits promotion of human trafficking of a minor, a Class B felony. Prohibits a person at least 18 years of age from selling or transferring custody of a child less than 16 years of age for the purpose of prostitution or participation in sexual conduct. Provides that the name of a victim of human trafficking is confidential for purposes of the public records law. (The introduced version of this bill was prepared by the Criminal Code Evaluation Commission.)
01/30/2012 Governor Signed
SB0001 Self-defense. (M. Young, Steele, Charbonneau, McMillin) Specifies that a person may use reasonable force against any other person in certain circumstances. Provides that a person is justified in using reasonable force against a public servant if the person reasonably believes the force is necessary to: (1) protect the person or a third person from unlawful force; (2) prevent or terminate the public servant’s unlawful entry into the person’s dwelling; or (3) prevent or terminate the public servant’s criminal interference with property lawfully in the person’s possession. Specifies that a person is not justified in using force against a public servant if: (1) the person is committing or is escaping after the commission of a crime; (2) the person provokes action by the public servant with intent to injure the public servant; (3) the person has entered into combat with the public servant or is the initial aggressor; or (4) the person reasonably believes the public servant is acting lawfully or is engaged in the lawful execution of the public servant’s official duties. Provides that a person is not justified in using deadly force against a public servant whom the person knows or reasonably should know is a public servant unless: (1) the person reasonably believes that the public servant is acting unlawfully or is not engaged in the execution of the public servant’s official duties; and (2) the force is reasonably necessary to prevent serious bodily injury to the person or a third person.
03/09/2012 S: Conf Report Adopted(38-12) S
03/09/2012 H: Conf Report Adopted(67-26)
HB1072 Tax administration. (Espich, Hershman) Requires various legislative studies.
Study of Section 42 credits
(a)During the 2012 legislative interim, the commission on state tax and financing policy shall study the topic of whether the value of tax credits under Section 42 of the Internal Revenue Code should be considered in determining the assessed value of low income housing tax credit property.
(b) Before November 1, 2012, the commission on state tax and financing policy shall report to the legislative council regarding any recommendations on the study topic described in subsection (a).
Study of income tax credits
(a) During the 2012 and 2013 legislative interims, the commission on state tax and financing policy (IC 2-5-3) shall study all income tax credits using a schedule that provides for approximately half the credits to be studied each year and for the credits to be studied in the order they were enacted. The commission shall prepare a report that covers each credit and that includes the following:
(1) A review of the original scope and purpose of the credit and whether the scope or purpose has changed since the credit’s enactment.
(2) The economic parameters of the credit, including the credit percentage and credit limits, and whether these parameters have changed since the credit’s enactment.
(3) A description of the taxpayers that qualify for the credit and how effective the credit has been in assisting these targeted taxpayers.
(4) The type of activities on which the credit is based and how effective the credit has been in promoting these targeted activities.
(5) The amount of the credits granted over time.
(6) A determination of the dollar amount of credits granted but not taken that can be carried forward.
(7) A summary of audit findings for each credit and whether there has been any misuse of the credit.
(8) Suggested changes in the law with regard to each credit, including whether the credit should be retained or not.
(9) Any other issues related to these income tax credits, as determined by the commission.
The commission on state tax and financing policy shall issue the report in two (2) parts, in an electronic format under IC 5-14-6, to the legislative council, not later than November 1, 2012, and November 1, 2013, respectively.
3/10/2102 H: Conf Report Adopted(87-8) H
3/10/2012 S: Conf Report Adopted(50-0) S
HB1049 Courts, inspector general, and pro bono legal services fees. (Koch, Bray, Lanane, Steele) Provides that a person may participate in a problem solving court program as a condition of an informal adjustment program in a child in need of services proceeding. Eliminates an individual’s agreement to the conditions of participation in the program if the case for which the individual is referred to the problem solving court involves a nonsuspendible sentence as a precondition to the placement of the individual in a problem solving court program. Allows a problem solving court to collect program fees. Authorizes the inspector general to directly institute civil proceedings against persons who have failed to pay civil penalties imposed by the state ethics commission. Requires the state board of accounts to provide to the inspector general (in addition to the attorney general) copies of certain reports concerning: (1) malfeasance, misfeasance, or nonfeasance in office by public officials or employees; (2) fraud or misconduct with respect to public contracts; or (3) unlawful expenditure or diversion of public money. Imposes until July 1, 2017, a pro bono legal services fee of $1 on parties who file certain civil actions, small claims actions, and probate actions. Requires the pro bono legal services fees to be transferred to the Indiana Bar Foundation as the entity designated by the Indiana supreme court to organize and administer the interest on lawyers trust accounts (IOLTA) program. Requires the Indiana Bar Foundation to: (1) deposit in an appropriate account and otherwise manage the fees the foundation receives in the same manner it deposits and manages the net earnings the foundation receives from IOLTA accounts; and (2) use the fees the foundation receives to assist or establish approved pro bono legal services programs. Specifies that the handling and expenditure of the pro bono legal services fees received by the Indiana Bar Foundation are subject to audit by the state board of accounts. Changes the definition of “family or house hold member” to include a person who adopts a child of the other person.
03/09/2012 H: Conf Report Adopted(73-14) H
03/09/2012 S: Conf Report Adopted(46-3) S
HB1200 Various correction matters. (Foley, Bray, Simpson) Requires a sentencing court to inform the department of correction (department) if the person sentenced is a credit restricted felon. Requires a court that determines that a person sentenced is a credit restricted felon to state in the sentencing order and the abstract of judgment that the person is a credit restricted felon. Requires the judicial conference to adopt rules concerning swift and certain sanctions that a probation officer may use in supervising persons on probation. Provides procedures for a person on probation to be sanctioned by a probation officer. Requires that credit time earned by certain offenders shall be reduced to the extent that application of the credit time would result in postconviction release or a community transition program assignment in less than 45 days after the person earns the credit time. Requires the department to: (1) establish an automated victim notification system; and (2) notify a registered crime victim of certain changes affecting the committed offender who committed the crime against the victim. Specifies when the department shall make certain victim notifications. Provides that if a court imposes a felony sentence that involves a commitment to the department, the court shall state certain information in the sentencing order and abstract of judgment. Provides that if a court orders probation for a person, the person, or in the case of a child, the child’s parents, are responsible for certain costs.
03/09/2012 H: Conf Report Adopted(89-1) H
03/09/2012 S: Conf Report Adopted(41-8) S
HB1033 Criminal history and sentencing. (McMillin, Steele) Defines “criminal history provider.” Requires a criminal history provider to: (1) update its records annually to remove inaccurate information and information that has been expunged, restricted, or limited; and (2) only disclose certain information relating to a conviction; as of July 1, 2013. Allows the attorney general and a person harmed by a criminal history provider to bring an action against the criminal history provider if the criminal history provider fails to update its records or discloses non-conviction information. Requires a court to restrict disclosure of information relating to an infraction to a noncriminal justice organization or individual if: (1) the person alleged to have committed the infraction is not prosecuted; (2) the infraction is dismissed; (3) the person is found not to have committed the infraction; or (4) the judgment is reversed on appeal. Establishes a procedure for the person to restrict disclosure of the information relating to the infraction if the court fails to act on its own. Requires records relating to an infraction to be sealed five years after the judgment for the infraction is satisfied. Makes it a Class B infraction for an employer to ask if a person’s criminal records have been sealed or restricted. Allows a court to convert a Class D felony conviction to Class A misdemeanor conviction if: (1) the person is not a sex or violent offender; (2) the offense was a non-violent offense; (3) the person has not been convicted of perjury or official misconduct; (4) at least three years have passed since the person completed the sentence; (5) the person has not been convicted of a new felony; and (6) no criminal charges are pending against the person. Provides that if a person whose Class D felony conviction has been converted to a Class A misdemeanor conviction is convicted of a felony within five years after the conversion, a prosecuting attorney may petition a court to convert the person’s Class A misdemeanor conviction back to a Class D felony conviction. Specifies that a conviction for a Class A misdemeanor that was originally entered as a Class D felony and converted to a Class A misdemeanor under an express sentencing provision is treated as a Class A misdemeanor.
03/09/2012 H: Conf Report Adopted(76-11) H
03/09/2012 S: Conf Report Adopted(45-3) S
Bills that died in second chamber:
SB0006 Knives with automatic blades. (Tomes, Ubelhor) Passed Senate, not heard in the House.
SB0011 Animal fighting contests. (Steele, Arnold, Ubelhor) Passed Senate, not heard in the House.
Bills that were not heard in first chamber:
HB1289 Violent crimes compensation fund. (L. Lawson)
SB0242 Protection order card program. (Breaux)
SB0360 Cell phone GPS tracking. (R. Young)
SB0389 Provider reporting of domestic violence. (Waltz): Note: Sen. Waltz says he will be bringing this back next year if he is re-elected and will work with ICADV this summer.
SR0009 Study comm on IN law requiring undocumented students to pay out-of-state (Leising) A SENATE RESOLUTION urging the legislative council to establish a study committee to study the changes to Indiana law requiring undocumented students to pay out-of-state tuition rates to attend Indiana’s seven public institutions of higher education. Adopted by Senate on voice vote. However, an amendment was added to an education bill, HB 1326, to allow undocumented students in college as of July 1, 2011 to continue to receive instate tuition, and that became so controversial that the entire education bill containing this amendment was killed in the Senate.
III. Family Law
HB1065 Military custody and parenting time matters. (Borders, Waterman, Tomes) Requires a court, upon motion by a parent who has received military temporary duty, deployment, or mobilization orders: (1) to hold an expedited hearing to determine or modify custody or parenting time; and (2) to allow, with reasonable notice, a parent to present testimony and evidence by certain electronic means in a custody or parenting time proceeding; if the military duties of a parent have a material effect on the parent’s ability to appear in person at a regularly scheduled hearing concerning custody or parenting time. Allows a court, upon motion by a parent who has received military deployment orders, to delegate the parent’s parenting time, or a part of the parent’s parenting time, during the time that the parent is deployed to a person who has a close and substantial relationship with the parent’s child, if the court determines delegating the time is in the best interests of the child. Provides that an order delegating parenting time automatically terminates after the parent returns from deployment. Allows the court to terminate an order delegating parenting time if the court determines that the delegated parenting time is no longer in the best interests of the child.
03/08/2012 S: Signed By the President Pro Tem
SB0018 Duty to support a child. (Steele, Kirchhofer) Provides that the duty to support a child, which does not include support for educational needs, ceases when the child becomes 19 years of age. (Current law provides that the duty to support a child ceases when the child becomes 21 years of age.) Permits a child who is receiving child support under an order issued before July 1, 2012, to file a petition for educational needs until the child becomes 21 years of age, and specifies that a child who is receiving child support after this date may petition until the child becomes 19 years of age. (The introduced version of this bill was prepared by the child custody and support advisory committee.)
03/09/2012 S: Signed By the President Pro Tem
SB0032 Guardianships. (Bray, Foley) Allows a minor who has not been adjudicated an incapacitated person and the minor’s guardian to jointly petition the court to extend the guardianship beyond the date the minor attains 18 years of age. Requires the petition to be verified. Authorizes the court to extend the guardianship, but not beyond the date on which the protected person attains 22 years of age, if the court finds that extending the guardianship is in the best interests of the protected person. Specifies that the extension of the guardianship does not place the person under a legal disability.
03/08/2012 S: Conf Report Adopted(49-0) S
03/08/2012 H: Conf Report Adopted(92-0) H
SB0157 Power of attorney and attorney in fact. (Steele, Foley) Provides that a copy of the power of attorney has the same force and effect as the original power of attorney if the person granting the power of attorney certifies that the copy is a true and correct copy. Specifies that a child of the principal may request an accounting with respect to transactions entered into by an attorney in fact. Urges the legislative council to study issues related to powers of attorney during the 2012 interim.
03/09/2012 S: Signed By the President of the Senate
SB0249 Record of marriage. (Alting, Truitt) Provides that a clerk of a circuit court: (1) may forward a record of marriage to the state department of health in a paper form or in an electronic form by using an automated system developed by the judicial technology and automation project or another automated system approved by the state department of health; and (2) who forwards a record of marriage to the state department of health in an electronic form is not required to forward the record of marriage to the state department of health in a paper form.
03/06/2012 Governor Signed
Bills not passed:
HB1019 Adoption history information. (Karickhoff, Broden) Passed Senate, not heard in House.
HB1252 Prerequisites for filing for dissolution of marriage. (Noe) Bill tabled after hearing opposition.
HB1010 Joint legal custody. (Pond, Bacon) Set for hearing in Family, Children and Human Affairs, but was taken off calendar before hearing. Not moved this session.
SB0017 Summary dissolution decree. (Steele)
HB1026 Support obligations while incarcerated. (Cheatham)
SB0180 Firearms on school property. (Banks)
SB0181 Possession of firearms on state property. (Kruse, Banks)
V. Sexual Assault
HB1080 Sex offenders. (Frye, Eckerty) Provides that a person is a sex offender if the person commits sexual misconduct by a service provider with a child who is subject to lawful detention. Creates a defense to the offense of recruiting, harboring, or transporting a child less than sixteen years of age with the intent of inducing the child to participate in sexual conduct if: (1) the child is 14 or 15 years old and the person is less than 18 years old; or (2) the person is within four years of the child’s age, the person was in a dating relationship with the child, and certain other conditions apply. Makes it sexual battery, a Class D felony, for a person to, with intent to arouse or satisfy the person’s own sexual desires or the sexual desires of another person, touch another person’s genitals, pubic area, buttocks, or female breast when that person is unaware that the touching is occurring.
03/09/2012 S: Conf Report Adopted(48-2) S
SB0190 Study of terminating parenting rights. (Steele, Charbonneau, Kubacki) Urges the legislative council to assign to the Indiana child custody and support advisory committee the task of studying the termination of parenting rights of an individual with a child who was conceived as a result of an act of rape by the individual.
03/08/2012 H: Conf Report Adopted(91-0) H
03/09/2012 S: Conf Report Adopted(50-0) S
SB0267 Education concerning child abuse. (Rogers, Behning) Requires the department of education, in collaboration with the department of child services and organizations that have expertise in child abuse, including child sexual abuse, to identify or develop model education materials, response policies, and reporting procedures on child abuse, including child sexual abuse, for use by schools for grade 2 through grade 5.
03/06/2012 S: Ret 1st House Concur(48-0)
03/08/2012 H: Signed By the Speaker
03/08/2012 S: Signed By the President Pro Tem
03/09/2012 S: Signed By the President of the Senate
Bills not passed:
SB0327 Special group and personalized license plates. (Merritt): Bill was pulled in the House after being amended to eliminate about 100 plates, including the INCASA plate, in an attempt to eliminate the license plate issued to the Indiana Youth Group. Ultimately the only resolution of this issue is that it is committed to summer study, and there is a moratorium on issuance of new plates by the BMV through June 2013.
HB1120 Arrests or citations at traffic stops. (Morris, Mahan, GiaQuinta). Not moved out of committee.
HB1027 Sex crime statute of limitations. (Cheatham)
HB1204 Sex offender registry. (Dermody, Steele, Arnold)
SB0368 Statute of limitations for child sexual abuse. (Mrvan)
SB0104 Serious sex offenders. (Mrvan)
SB0183 Sexually oriented businesses. (Kruse, Banks)
SB0264 Child solicitation. (Head)
SB0299 Juvenile DNA testing. (Zakas)
VI. Child Abuse and Neglect
SB0286 Department of child services. (Lawson, McNamara) Requires the department of child services (department) to conduct a criminal history check of certain individuals before reunification of a child with the child’s parent, guardian, or custodian. Provides that an audio recording of a telephone call to the child abuse hotline is confidential and may be released only upon court order. Provides that an audio record of a report of child abuse or neglect that is the subject of a complaint made to a prosecuting attorney shall be released to the prosecuting attorney upon request of the prosecuting attorney. Allows the department to consider the results of a criminal history check in deciding if a child can be reunified with the child’s parent, guardian, or custodian. Requires a court to order a guardian to provide financial assistance to support a protected person if the department is going to provide financial assistance to a guardian for the benefit of the protected person. Requires the department to establish a residential placement committee and a permanency roundtable to review certain placements of children. Requires a person filing a petition to terminate parental rights to request a hearing on the petition. Provides that if a hearing regarding a petition to terminate parental rights is not commenced or held within a certain time, the court shall dismiss the petition. Removes requirements that a county pays for certain child placements. Provides that a court may appoint a court appointed special advocate or guardian ad litem only if the person has training appropriate for that role. Changes the number of days for which the department may grant a waiver for the maximum stay for a child if the child caring institution or group home caring for the child is a licensed shelter care facility. Provides that operators of therapeutic foster homes are certified and not licensed. Provides that the department may make certain reports and material available to the state superintendent of public instruction. Provides that the results of an administrative hearing regarding an investigation into child abuse or neglect shall be forwarded to the department of education in certain circumstances. Modifies the definition of “child abuse or neglect”, “victim of child abuse or neglect”, “child”, “related”, “court appointed special advocate”, “guardian ad litem”, “shelter care facility”, and “foster family home”. Provides that a person may operate a foster family home for a related person without a license. Provides for the creation of regional based fatality review teams. Changes the law regarding: (1) the disclosure of certain reports regarding the fatality or near fatality of a child; (2) the expungement of reports of child abuse and neglect; and (3) requirements of a motion to dismiss a petition to terminate parental rights. Provides that certain administrative hearings may be stayed pending a decision to prosecute the case. Expands the applicability of a chapter concerning child videotape testimony in child in need of services (CHINS) proceedings. Requires a court to hold an initial hearing regarding a child alleged to be a CHINS within 10 days of the filing of the petition. Provides additional circumstances establishing prima facie evidence that there is a reasonable probability that: (1) the conditions that resulted in the removal of a child from a parent will not be remedied; or (2) the continuation of the parent-child relationship poses a threat to the well-being of a child. Requires the department to annually prepare a report of all child fatalities in Indiana that are the result of child abuse or neglect. Provides that an alleged victim of a child sex crime may submit an application for assistance for victims of violent crime until the victim become 31 years of age. Provides that an alleged victim of a battery upon a child may submit an application for assistance for victims of violent crime not later than five years after the commission of the offense. Provides that the department of child services ombudsman shall employ at least two full time employees to assist the ombudsman. Creates the interim study committee on underserved youth with mental health issues which is required to study: (1) whether prosecuting attorneys should be allowed to file certain CHINS petitions; and (2) the unmet mental health needs of children within the juvenile justice system. Creates the department of child services interim study committee to: (1) study and review the progress and improvements made by the department; (2) review best practices concerning child welfare, child mental health, and delinquent children; (3) receive and review status reports from the department of child services ombudsman; (4) review and study the department’s child services child abuse and neglect hotline; and (5) make legislative recommendations. Repeals older youth foster care and replaces it with a collaborative care program. Repeals a chapter requiring the department to make certain reports to the general assembly.
03/09/2012 S: Signed By the President of the Senate
SB0287 Department of child services. (Lawson, Noe) Makes conforming changes to the interstate compact for the placement of children. Changes references of the “county office of family and children” to the correct agency. Adds Title IV-D of the Social Security Act to the list of programs to which an agency may disclose a Social Security number. Removes a requirement that a local child protection team shall assist the department of child services ombudsman with redacting or reviewing certain reports. Removes a duty of the division of family services to administer preservation services to high risk youth. Removes language regarding deposits by the family and social services administration (FSSA) into the child welfare services account. Removes language requiring the department of child services (department) to prepare and submit information to the state board of accounts. Requires certain information to be included in a paternity affidavit. Removes language requiring the department to investigate and report to a court regarding the conditions of a minor and the fitness of a guardian if ordered by a court. Makes statutes consistent regarding the age of a child that a person may give up under the safe haven statute. Provides that the department has authority to redirect a payment to the appropriate government agency when there is an assignment under Title IV-A or IV-E. Removes the requirement that an obligee must disclose the person’s Social Security number on certain child support related forms. Changes references to the Indiana support enforcement tracking system to include the successor statewide automated support enforcement system. Makes changes to background check statutes to be consistent with federal law. Requires the department to consult with the division of family resources regarding the adoption of rules concerning child caring institutions and group homes that are licensed for infants and toddlers. Modifies statutes concerning licensing procedures and criminal history checks that the department performs. Removes certain facilities that may be licensed as a secure private facility. Removes the requirement that the department must purchase one computer for every two case managers. Provides that certain Title IV-D fees may be set according to rules adopted by the department. Provides that a corrective action for emergency protection of children includes a hold on new placements. Requires the department to advise a parent who is voluntarily relinquishing parental rights that the parent’s consent may not be based upon a promise regarding the child’s adoption or contact of any type with the child after the parent voluntarily relinquishes parental rights. Requires the department to require a consumer report on certain children in state foster care. Requires a court to enter findings of fact that support the entry of its conclusions granting a termination of parental rights. Repeals the county child advocacy fund. Repeals language requiring the department and probation department to make progress reports on certain children. Repeals language regarding destitute children. Repeals the definition of “kinship caregiver”. Adds cross references. Makes technical corrections. 03/06/2012 S: Ret 1st House Concur(47-0)
Bills that did not pass:
HB1136 Child care ministry advisory committee. (Wesco, Holdman) Requires the division of family resources to establish a child care ministries advisory committee. (The introduced version of this bill was prepared by the committee on child care.)
Unsuccessful attempts were made to amend this bill in the Senate to add more standards for child care ministries, following the death of an unsupervised child in a Marion County ministry day care. A provision was then added defining “ministry” to limit non-regulation to legitimate church-affiliated programs, and the House author dissented to this amendment, so the bill died. This issue will return next session.
SB0337 Child labor law. (Waltz, McNamara) Not heard in the House.